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Periodontal Disease
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Most people have some form of Periodontal disease or gum disease. If undetected or left untreated, these diseases are usually begin painlessly and the support for your teeth in the jaw bone is gradually destroyed. At later stages this causes the teeth to become loose or painful. In addition, gum disease can cause bad breath and change the appearance of your smile.

The main cause of periodontal disease is bacteria in the form of a sticky, colorless plaque that constantly forms on your teeth. Periodontal disease causes bone loss which leads to deep pockets forming between the surfaces of your roots and the gum tissue. These deep pocket trap bacteria and cause inflammation of the gum tissue. If your gums are inflamed (bleeding), then it may be time to schedule an appointment to get an examination.

Non-Surgical Treatments (Deep Cleaning)

Periodontal health should be achieved in the least invasive manner possible. Non-surgical periodontal treatment includes scaling and root planing under local anesthesia. Scaling and root planing require careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar from deep periodontal pockets and smoothing the tooth roots to remove bacterial toxins. Depending on the severity of your condition, this is sometimes followed by adjunctive therapy such as local delivery anti-microbials and host modulation. The goal of non-surgical treatment is to stop the progression of bone loss and allow your gum to heal properly.

Generally, after scaling and root planing, most patients do not require surgical therapy. However, multiple monthly follow-up cleanings may be necessary if your periodontal pocketing and inflammation cannot be stabilized. All periodontal patients will need ongoing maintenance therapy to sustain healthy gums following periodontal treatment. If maintenance is not performed, the patient’s periodontal health could relapse and further bone loss will occur. Please note that non-surgical treatment does have its limitations and if it does not restore your periodontal health, surgery may be recommended.